OpenRTM-aist Case Study on Raspberry Pi

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Introduction

Raspberry Pi is a single-board computer with an ARM processor developed by the Raspberry Pi Foundation in the UK.

The Raspberry Pi is very convenient because it runs normal Linux (Debian, Fedora, Arch Linux) and FreeBSD for ARM regardless of the size of the embedded board, and can also compile on the board. Currently, for the storage device, the SD card can be used. It is inexpensive and has a large capacity. Also, the main board price is very low, about 3,000 yen. Also, since basic I/O is provided and can be connected to various external devices, various applications such as robot control and measurement with sensors are conceivable.

Specifications

The appearance of one type of Raspberry Pi is shown below.

raspberrypi.png
Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi has three basic types (Model A, Model B, Model Zero), and there are multiple models for each basic type. Please refer to the following Wikipedia link for details.

The specifications of typical models are shown below.

CENTER:Specification
3 Model B 3 Model B + 4 Model B (4G)
Target Price $ 35 $ 35 $ 55
SoC Broadcom BCM2837 Broadcom BCM2837B0 Broadcom BCM2711
CPU ARM Cortex-A53 1.2GHz ARM Coretex-A53 1.4GHz ARM Coretex-A72 1.5GHz
GPU Broadcom VideoCore IV Broadcom VideoCore VI
Memory (SDRAM) 1GB (GPU sharing) 4GB (GPU sharing)
USB 2.0 port 4 (Integrated USB hub) 4 2
USB 3.0 port CENTER:- 2
Video output Composite RCA (PAL & NTSC), HDMI (rev 1.3 & 1.4), MIPI DSI Composite RCA (PAL/NTSC), micro-HDMI (up to 4kp60) 2.0 x 2, MIPI DSI
Audio output 3.5mm jack, I2S, HDMI 3.5mm jack, I2S, micro HDMI
Storage SD memory card / MMC / SDIO card slot
Network 10/100 Mbps Ethernet (RJ45) Gigabit Ethernet over USB 2.0 (maximum throughput 300Mbps) (RJ45) Gigabit Ethernet (RJ45)
Low-level peripherals 8 × GPIO, UART, I2C, SPI and two chip select, + 3.3V, + 5V, ground
Power supply 2.5A (12.5W) 3A (15W)
Power source 5V/microUSB or GPIO 5V/USB Type-C or GPIO
Size 85.0mm x 56.5mm 85.0mm x 56.0mm

See the above Wiki for more details.

Overview of this book

Using the I/O extension platform PiRT-Unit developed by AIST makes it possible to use external I/O relatively easily.

pirt-unit.png
PiRT-Unit

OpenRTM-aist (C++, Python, Java) can also be compiled and executed on the board, so even though it is an embedded board, it can be used in almost the same way as a normal Linux PC development process.

This section describes how to build an environment for developing and executing RT components with OpenRTM-aist, know-how for convenient use, how to control mobile robots, and how to use I/O.

pirt-unit_app.png
Application using Raspberry Pi or PiRT-Unit

Download

latest Releases

For Begginers

Windows msi(installer) package (only trying samples)

C++,Python,Java,
Toolsを含む
1.2.1-RELEASE

Development environment is required for RT-Component development. See download page for details.

Number of Projects

Choreonoid

Motion editor/Dynamics simulator

OpenHRP3

Dynamics simulator

OpenRTP

Integrated Development Platform

AIST RTC collection

RT-Components collection by AIST

TORK

Tokyo Opensource Robotics Association

DAQ-Middleware

Middleware for DAQ (Data Aquisition) by KEK